By Spandan Banerjee

I t is now common knowledge that after the 2008 Global Financial Crisis, the major economies across the world were plunged into a deep mess as unemployment figures skyrocketed and many countries faced debt crisis in the aftermath, notably the Euro Zone Crisis which shook countries like Greece and Italy badly. This presented a major challenge before the central bankers of the world. They were saddled with another 1930s Great depression style crisis and as the world was much more interconnected and the economies much more globalised now, the ripples of the Lehmann Brothers collapse were to…

By Omar Barroso Khodr

Disclaimer: This article is for information and educational purposes ONLY. None of the content and opinions presented in this article should be used for investment decisions.

Source: Unplash

Since the last blog post “ Author’s note: When the Dismal Science Hit Rock Bottom pt. I — Debt, Inequality & Political Decay” had a rather apocalyptical overtone, I decided this time to ease things up for the diligent and curious econ readers and enthusiasts out there. As disastrous the Covid-19 pandemic has been for the world economy, an interesting pattern has emerged this year: the stock market…

By Omar Barroso Khodr

DISCLAIMER: This article may contain sensitive topics for some ( viewer discretion has advised The content presented in this article is NOT to be taken as financial advice for investments. The content in this article is presented for informational and educational purposes only.

Source: Unplash/Scott Webb

“Nothing is Tragic. Everything is unreal.” ~Emil Cioran Introduction & Personal Note

Feel free to skip this part if your only objective is the economic analysis, however, there is some interesting insights in the intro.

I guess 2020 has been a tough year for most of us, the global pandemic…

By Saad Bin Abbas

We used a simple supply-demand analysis to elucidate how changing market conditions affect the market value of such products as wheat and gasoline. We saw that the equilibrium price and quantity of every product decided by the intersection of the market demand and market supply curves. Underlying this analysis is that the model of a wonderfully competitive market. The model of perfect competition is extremely useful for studying a spread of markets, including agriculture, fuels, and other commodities, housing, services, and financial markets. Because this model is so important, we’ll spend a while laying out the…

By Saad Bin Abbas


The defined limit by the government on the quantity of a good that can be imported.


Tax that imposed by the government on an imported good.

Analysis of Import Quotas and Tariffs:

When countries want to stay the national price of a product above world levels and thereby permit the national industry to enjoy higher profits than it might under free trade, many countries use import quotas and tariffs for that purpose. As we will comprehend, the cost to taxpayers from this protection can be high, with the loss to consumers exceeding the gain to national manufacturers.

Graphical Explanation: Import Tariff or Quota that eliminate Imports:

Short of a quota or…

By Saad Bin Abbas

Even though the discussion of static analysis has previously been regulated to Market Models in various guises-linear and nonlinear, one commodity and multicommodity, specific and general-it. Obviously, has solicitations in other areas of economics also.


We may cite the simplest Keynesian National-Income model:

C = a + bY (1 < b > 0, a > 0)

Where Y and C outlooks for Endogenous Variables National-Income and (calculated) consumption expenditure, respectively, and I∘ and G∘ denote the exogenously determined investment and government expenditures. The first equation is an equilibrium condition:

(National-Income = Total planned Expenditure)

Second, the…

By Dr Garima Dikshit

The consumption function is one of the important tools of Keynes’ economics. According to Keynes consumption is a function of absolute current income and depends more on real income rather than the money income. So, the consumption function shows a clear relationship between income and consumption of the consumer. Consumption function shows how consumption patterns of consumer changes with the change in income which is also called the propensity to consume. If consumption is represented by C and Income by Y then the propensity to consume will be C(Y). …

By Akshita Sharma

It is a macroeconomic policy laid down by the central bank of a country. It involves the management of cash supply and interest rates. It refers to the actions undertaken by a nation’s central bank to regulate funds to realize macroeconomic goals that promote the sustainable economic process.

Monetary policy refers to policies of the central bank with regard to the use of monetary instruments under its control to achieve the goals specified in the act.

Let’s take an example Suppose there is price instability in the market of a country then the investment would reduce which…

By Komal Rafi

In real-world, we do not find a perfectly competitive market; it is just a hypothetical situation based on some assumption if a market has some these characteristics we can say that market is perfectly competitive. Here are the assumptions of a perfectly competitive market

It is the most important feature of a perfectly competitive market that both the sellers and the buyers have the perfect knowledge of the market condition, i.e. prices, product quality, technology, etc. Under this assumption, it is assumed that all producers have knowledge of production methods and technology. Not a single producer has…

By Rabeeya

Money Laundering Causes, Stages and Effects

Money laundering is the hidden movement of cash from one country to another without informing it to the government authorities with the purpose of ;

  • Escape from taxes
  • Disguising ill-gotten income
  • Converting illegally earned money into legal assets

Money laundering is the unlawful process of making huge amounts of money generated by criminal activity, Such as drug trafficking or terrorist funding appear to have come from a legitimate source. … Money laundering is itself a crime.

  • Illicit money
  • ·Legitimate sources
  • Criminal procedures

There are three stages of money laundering…

Placement The placement…

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